Prediabetes: Symptoms, Treatment, Diet & Preventions

Prediabetes is a condition in which individuals have higher blood glucose levels than normal pressure, but not high enough that it can be diagnosed as type- 2 diabetes. If the individual will have prediabetes symptoms, then you are at high risk for developing type -2 diabetes. it is observed from the physician, within the next 5-10 years, 15-20% of people with prediabetes will move into type-2 diabetes.


Why Nobody Cares About Prediabetes

If any person has pre-diabetes, without knowing the fact then the permanent damage associated with diabetes will have the same signs of occurring the same pattern of disease or it can already have started, particularly it will affect the heart, kidney, blood vessels, etc.

This kind of condition can affect adults and children. fortunately, it is possible to get treated and the prevention from pre-diabetes.the transformation of pre-diabetes to type-diabetes in which have to put more focus on eating healthy foods, start the physical activity into our daily routine and maintaining the obesity, which can help in restoring the blood sugar levels to the normal level.

As the American Diabetes Association recommends for haemoglobin A1C test or glucose levels which could be used for the detection of pre-diabetes. because prediabetes is a condition where the individual is at more risk for diabetes and its types. while the WHO (URL) (World Health Organization) recommends just to have only glucose levels tested.

While getting test results of haemoglobin A1C test or glucose levels then only individuals will be predicted of diabetes or stand on the borderline of diabetes (pre-diabetes). Sometimes it is observed that the patient has gone to the doctor for some other disease recovery and while returning they are getting the news of diabetes.

One thing which is pretty much clear is that people with prediabetes will not process blood sugar (glucose) properly, and as a result sugar builds up in the bloodstream despite performing its normal function of supplying into cells with the necessary energy it compensates from muscles and other kinds of tissue deficiency.

Current Statics Of Diabetes: 

  • Over 80% of individuals don't think about prediabetes. 
  • As an absence of symptoms, prediabetes can go for quite a long time without knowing. 

Prediabetes Symptoms:

There are no such signs and prediabetes symptoms, which can be strictly followed and the doctor/ individual will come to know about it. the possibility of knowing the only sign and symptoms of type-2 diabetes which indicate:

  • Affected areas can include the neck,
  • increased thirst,
  • increasing urinating constantly Fatigue,
  • blurry vision 

Signs of prediabetes

The signs of prediabetes are as follows:

Obesity Weight: Put-on weight is one of the essential factors leading to pre-diabetes. The more fatty tissue, particularly inside and between the muscles and the skin around the stomach, the higher the resistance of cells to insulin. 

Waist size: A large waist size can demonstrate the presence of insulin resistance, and this resistance increases in men with a waist size of more than 40 inches (a meter), and in ladies with an abdomen size of more than 35 inches (about a meter). 

Dietary Patterns: Eating red meat and processed meat (goat, pork, etc) and drinking sweetened beverages (coke, thumbs up, soft drinks) has been linked to a great number of risks of developing pre-diabetes. An eating routine wealthy in natural products, vegetables, nuts, entire grains, and olive oil can reduce the number of risks in prediabetes. 

Lack of Activity: The less active you are, the higher the risk of creating prediabetes. Active work or physical activity assists you with controlling your weight, using up glucose as an energy source, which makes your cells more receptive to insulin. 

Age: Although diabetes can happen at any stage in life, the incidence of prediabetes can increase after the age of 45, and this can happen because of less exercise, loss of muscle strength, and weight gain with age. 

Family Ancestry: The danger of prediabetes increases if a parent or close relatives has type 2 diabetes. 

Pregnancy Diabetes: If you developed gestational diabetes during pregnancy, you and your child have to face the risk of preconception of diabetes. Furthermore, if the birth of the child is more than 4 kgs then there's also the chance of developing signs of prediabetes.

Polycystic Ovary Condition: Increase polycystic ovarian disorder syndrome accompanied by irregular menstrual cycles, increased hair growth and obesity, the risk of injury to women, the status of pre-diabetes. 

Sleep: People with some sleep disorders (obstructive sleep apnea) are bound to develop insulin resistance and individuals whose work requires changing times which can be during the evening or during the day, experience the ill effects of sleep aggravations, which increases their risk of developing pre-diabetes. and type 2 diabetes. 

Other conditions associated with prediabetes include: 

  • High blood pressure. 
  • Low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or "good" cholesterol. 
  • High levels of triglycerides, a type of fat found in the blood. 

All these terms occur while obesity is present, which are all associated with the term insulin resistance, and all these terms having together is known as metabolic syndrome.

Pre-diabetes complications 

The most serious consequence of pre-diabetes is the reasons of the condition to type 2 diabetes because type 2 diabetes can lead to: 

  • Hypertension. 
  • High cholesterol 
  • Heart disease 
  • Stroke 
  • kidney disease
  • Blindness
  • Amputation 

It is also said by researchers that prediabetes symptoms are usually associated with unnoticed heart attacks, causes damage to the kidney, even when the conditions are not according to the symptoms of type-2 diabetes

Causes of pre-diabetes 

The majority of the glucose in the body comes from the food you eat, and when the food is processed, the sugar enters the circulation system, and the sugar from the circulation system to the body's cells is required, a hormone known as insulin which is required. 

The main fundamental cause of prediabetes is unknown, however, apparently, it appears as family ancestry and hereditary qualities assume a significant part in the improvement of prediabetes. Inactivity and excess fat, especially belly fat, are important factors in this condition.

The insulin comes from an organ behind the stomach (the pancreas), where the pancreas discharges insulin into the circulatory system when you eat food. The progression flow of insulin in the blood permits or allows sugar to enter the cells and reduces the amount of sugar in the circulation system. What's more, less insulin emission from the pancreas, lower glucose levels. This cycle is influenced and doesn't happen as expected in pre-diabetes. 

Rather than giving the cells the desired energy, sugar develops in the circulatory system. High glucose happens when the pancreas doesn't make sufficient insulin when cells become resistant with the impact of insulin, or both. 

Pre-diabetes risk factors a similar danger factors that increase the danger of creating type-2 diabetes likewise increases the danger of creating prediabetes 

Prediabetes test

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) suggests blood glucose testing for ages 45+ or prior in case you are fat and have extra danger factors for pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes. There are a few blood tests for prediabetes tests, including: 

  • Glycated haemoglobin (A1C) test: The glycated haemoglobin test shows the normal glucose level for a few months. 

This test estimates the measure of glucose joined to the oxygen-conveying protein in red platelets (haemoglobin). The higher the glucose levels, the higher the level of haemoglobin appended to the sugar. As a general rule, if: The glycated haemoglobin level is under 5.7%, this level is viewed as typical. The degree of glycated haemoglobin is somewhere in the range of 5.7% and 6.4%, this level is viewed as a pointer of the event of a pre-diabetes stage. A glycated haemoglobin level of 6.5% or higher in the aftereffects of two separate tests, demonstrates type 2 diabetes. A few conditions can make the consequences of the glycated haemoglobin test off base, like pregnancy or the presence of an obscure kind of haemoglobin (variable haemoglobin). 

  • Fasting glucose: Test A blood test is taken subsequent to fast for somewhere around 8 hours before the pre diabetes meal plan, and the outcomes are as per the following: 

A fasting glucose level is viewed as typical if the level is under 100 milligrams for each deciliter (5.6 millimoles per litre). On the off chance that the glucose level reaches somewhere in the range of 100 and 125 milligrams for every deciliter, this is viewed as a pointer of prediabetes test, and this outcome is now and then called impeded blood glucose. In the event that your sugar level is 126 mg/dL or higher, this shows that you might have type 2 diabetes. 

  • Oral glucose resilience test: This test is normally used to analyze diabetes during pregnancy just, where a blood test is taken subsequent to fast for no less than 8 hours, away from the pre diabetes meal plan, at that point, a sugar arrangement is taken, and the glucose level is estimated again following two hours. 

The outcomes are as per the following: 

It is generally expected if the glucose level is under 140 milligrams for each deciliter. Pre-diabetes is suspected if the glucose level is somewhere in the range of 140 and 199 milligrams for every deciliter. It shows the probability of creating type 2 diabetes if the glucose level is higher than 200 milligrams for every deciliter. On the off chance that you have manifestations of pre-diabetes, 

The circumstance might require further testing. Your PCP will actually look at the accompanying to some extent one time per year: 

  • Fasting glucose, 
  • Glycated haemoglobin. 
  • General cholesterol level, high-thickness lipoprotein, low-thickness lipoprotein and fatty oils.

Pre diabetic diet/ Pre diabetic diet plan

The healthy way of life decisions or proper pre diabetic diet plan can help your glucose level get back to business as usual, or if nothing else keep it from arriving at the levels explicit for type-2 diabetes. To forestall prediabetes from advancing to type 2, 

You can attempt the accompanying: 

  • Eat healthy food sources: The prediabetes diet plan of a person is ought to pick food varieties that are low in calories and high in fibre, what's more, you ought to likewise zero in on a pre-diabetic diet plan, vegetables and entire wheat grains. Variety in picking food sources should be accomplished to accomplish the ideal objectives without abstaining from taste or supplements. 
  • Activity: Moderate active work ought to be accomplished for 30 or an hour, most days of the week. 
  • Losing excess weight: If you are overweight, losing 5 or 10 percent of your body weight (4.5 or 9 kilograms) on the off chance that you weigh 91 kilograms, can diminish your danger of creating type 2 diabetes. 

To keep a healthy weight, centre around rolling out long-lasting improvements to your eating and exercise propensities, and persuade yourself by recalling the advantages of getting thinner, like a sound heart, more energy, and expanded fearlessness. 

  • Quit Smoking: Quitting smoking diminishes the danger of creating diabetes. Take drugs when required If you're in danger of creating diabetes, your primary care physician might recommend metformin, and a few prescriptions might be endorsed to control cholesterol and hypertension.

Prediabetes treatment

On the off chance that you found the opportunity to catch it early, prediabetes can typically be turned around with diet and exercise. Contingent upon how high your glucose is the point at which you are first analyzed, your primary care physician may choose to put you on one prescription of medicines for prediabetes treatment. Healthy lifestyle choices can help your blood sugar glucose level return to normal, or at least prevent it from reaching the levels specific for type 2 diabetes. 

To prevent prediabetes treatment from progressing to type-2, a healthy eating routine, no sugar food or a blend to manoeuvre your glucose should go down to a normal level.

What is a prediabetes diet? 

An eating regimen for a prediabetes diet looks a ton changed. "Specialists prescribe their patients to hold half of your plate for vegetables, a fourth of your plate for protein, and a fourth of your plate for starches, like entire grains and natural product,"  

An individual with prediabetes ought not to eat prepared carbs that are high in sugar, yet rather get carbs from entire grains, natural products, vegetables, and boring vegetables (with some restraint). "Assuming you need to remove carbs, you surely can, yet you don't need to," 

"What food you eat tastes great, will taste great, they give you energy, and generally, it's not feasible to surrender them totally." Also go for 25-30-grams of fibre from food every day, as fibre-rich food sources like oats and crunchy vegetables that we add to our pre diabetic  breakfast plan are also important. further, develop insulin opposition and keep you more full, longer.

Never ever try to skip breakfast in prediabetes or diabetes. Pre diabetic breakfast person should compulsory intake 2 slices of sandwich, oats, cornflakes, fruits, juice (dairy products like milk and eggs) which is the exact diet for him in the morning. Always try to eat breakfast within  2 hours before you get up in the morning, which will help to control your blood sugar level later in the day.

Insulin Pump for  Prediabetes

While in prediabetes as the patient is on the boundary line of diabetes then at that moment insulin pump for prediabetes are not used. As insulin pump for prediabetes are used, when the body itself does not put a single effort to make insulin. Due to this from the outside, insulin is injected and supplied to the body. This insertion of an insulin pump for prediabetes is not for regular use, it's just the doctor will prescribe them for some duration of days to control the blood glucose level.

Prevention of Pre-diabetes 

Healthy choices can help prevent pre-diabetes from progressing to type-2 diabetes, even if diabetes runs in your family. 

You can try the following:

  • Eat healthy foods regularly: 
  • Do more physical activities (make your body energetic)
  • Excess weight loss. (its compulsory to lose weight)
  • Control blood pressure and cholesterol. 

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